The articles and fragments from the books
Chapter 2. from a book Temperology: Manifesto of a "Middle Class"
The Social System
Author: Sergey Kronin
Evolving of the social system was continuing by solving the main task of the "survival guarantee". New risk factors were added, the field of work realization was enlarged. The system was fulfilling itself with more complicated appliances, embrangling the rites and customs of human interconnections. According to Durkheim "social system as a wholeness is existing in collective consciousness only, not having physical reality"*.
Researchers "were comparing the society in the context of sociological and socio-philosophical fashion at the turn of the twentieth and twenty first century with the organism."** I tend to consider the social system as some mental macro lump that has own reasonableness and is able to influence to the event processes in society. Basically that is one of the great amounts of Egregors created by the human activities. But if someone gives something, he demands something instead of. So, the social system guarantees the man the possibility to mind his own affairs, defending him from external dangers. At the same time it requires strict observance of laws and rules of life in community. Exactly the good will observance of rules and actions according to them, moreover enthusiasm of activity inside the system are the basis. That is also the payment that man makes to Egregor. As the development of society was progressing the rules of interaction were becoming more complex. Abilities of self-actualizations in any kind of activities were widening, thus making possible for a man to be engaged in field that more close to him and he is interested in. Now, a man has a wide choice what to do in his life and to be engaged to.
Of course, the State should be noticed too. Man always deals with the State, and social system is an abstract term for him. There are a lot of books written about the origin of the "state". Let us to make a short review of this issue.
When people could allow to live settled in one place and to gather the product, it became necessary to protect own territory from forays of neighbors. The structure that could manage interactions within community was necessary too. State has undertaken these controlling and defensive functions. It may be said, that state is a social formation on the basis of social system, intended to defense it from destruction.
The state verbalizes and fastens the rules that exist in social system as laws, making them clear and definite for all members of society and enforcing them. As the development of the social system is progressing the obsolete models of states are dying out and new ones are appearing. It depends on development of social system, its economic opportunities. State model dies when the management model designed-in dies out and can not provide the further progress of the social system. It is quite clear. When a country doesn’t develop it loses either defense capacity or viability. The history, which we learn at school, underlines and highlights exactly the moments of defense capacity loss, when one country destructs another one. But history does not emphasize the loss of viability. Thus exactly this aspect was destroying great empires and thereafter they were conquered by "barbarians" in spite of strong army. We are interested not in all reasons why the weakening of the state happens but in such which are connected with social system.
As it was already mentioned, the social system is based on the people who are very eager in what they are doing and creating. Accordingly, the more choices people have to be occupied with and the better conditions are established for that, the more people are in society who are infatuated with their business and satisfied with their lives. So, the state or rather the political system regardless of its will is devoted to establish these conditions for own survive. Wholeness and power of ideology, which the state is guided by, are acquiring great value at that moment. If there is no ideology and it can not offer anything to people, the "surplus product" is still being collected, but amount of happy and carried away people grows smaller: people work because they have to work. If a group of engaged people declines in amount, the group of actual and potential idlers grows. And the social system is already in danger.
* A.A. Gritsanov "Philosophical Dictionary: organic society".
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